Later on in 1948, he was elected as the Chief Minister of West Bengal and served the State for next 14 years. As a cm, he founded five important cities in the sate: Durgapur, kalyani, bidhannagar, Ashokenagar, and Habra. For his contribution in the development of West Bengal he is being remembered as the architect of modern West Bengal. For his extraordinary contributions in field of medicine and development of West Bengal,. Roy was awarded with Bharat Ratna on 4th Feb 1961. Every year, on 1st July (Dr. Roys birth and death day the country celebrates the national Doctors day to remember Dr Bidhan Chandra roy and his contributions for India.
Radhakrishnan, sarvepalli internet Encyclopedia
After that he established the first university for women named as Shreemati nāthibāi dāmodar Thāckersey indian Womens University in India (Pune 1916. The government of India recognized sndt university as a statutory university in 1949. He essay is also a founder of the samatā sangh (Association for the Promotion of Human Equality). Besides dedicating his life to the freedom and education of women in India, he raised his voice against for the abolition of the untouchability in Hindu society and Caste system. For his life time contribution to an Indian Society he was awarded with the Bharat Ratna by government of India in 1958. Bidhan Chandra roy, a great Physician-Surgeon Bidhan Chandra roy was born on in Bihar. He was a meritorious student. He pursued medical career and because of his exceptional talents cleared two of the most prestigious medical degrees,. He dedicated his whole life for work in the area of medicine, science, philosophy, literature and arts. He was also involved in Indias freedom movement alongside gandhi.
All over the world Pantnagar University is a best example of agricultural university and for exceptional work done by him he was awarded one of the most important awards of the country, the Bharat Ratna in and 1955. Maharishi Dhondo keshav karve, on April 18, 1858 Annasaheb Karve was born at Sheravali, maharashtra. He completed his bachelors degree in mathematics from Elphinstone college in Bombay (Mumbai). During, karve started teaching mathematics at Fergusson College in Pune. After that Karve decided to dedicate his whole life to the upliftment of female education. He did lots of work for uplifting the status of widows. He encouraged widow remarriage and helped their childrens. Karve founded several organisations for the welfare of women such as Widhawā-wiwāhottejak mandal in 1893, maharishi karve stree shikshan Sanstha etc.
He started movement to established Hindi as an official Language of India. He was also a first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (1950-1954). In 1914 as a lawyer Pant started to work actively in the business movement against the British Raj. He attained the approval of the other members of the party and with his exceptional leadership skills he soon joined the congress Party as a deputy leader. He participated in several movements during the freedom struggle of India with Gandhi ji and. In year 1955 he also served the position of Union Home minister of our country till 1961. When he became a chief minister he eliminated the zamindari system story for welfare of Indian Society and its a great move towards the development of India. On the name of this magnificent politician many schools, hospitals and university are opened worldwide.
He became the first Prime minister of the independent India and governed the country till his death As the pm, he embarked upon to make india a modern, forward looking and progressive nation; several scientific and research institutions such as iits and Atomic Energy commission. In foreign policy matters, he was one of the architects of Non-Aligned movement and gave india a new direction which was of non-alignment from the power politics of two superpowers of the times, the us and ussr- this initiative made the newly independent nation free. Non-align movement is the great legacy of Nehru ji which is still one of the main foreign policy themes of the country. Nehru jis health deteriorated after the war with China in 1962 and the debacle faced by Indian forces in the same. His health continued to decline and on e died of heart attack. The Bharat Ratna was awarded to him in the year 1955. A great freedom activist. Pant ji was born on t Khoont village near Almora. He was popularly known as Pandit Pant by the people of India.
The Principal Upanishads
From 1912 to 1918 he worked on the for position of the diwan of Mysore and then he was favorite knighted as a knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. He also received the appreciation from Indian government for his remarkable contribution to our country in different fields but especially for the education and the engineering sector. He expanded the boundaries of the engineering field and modified the study pattern of engineering sector. Every year on his birthday (15 Sept) India celebrates Engineering day to give tribute to this great personality. He was awarded with the Bharat Ratna in 1955. The great engineer passed away on 12th April, 1962. Jawaharlal Lal Nehru, one of the most prominent leaders of Indias freedom movement and architect of the modern Indian nation, jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 november 1889.
He studied at Trinity college, cambridge and later was called on Bar to get trained as Barrister. After returning to India, nehru ji got greatly involved in the freedom struggle. He was a great socialist and represented the left-wing wing within the congress party. Gandhi ji was especially fond of him and mentored him as his most trusted ally. Nehru ji through his deep commitment and efforts quickly became the most important leader of the national movement after Gandhi. He became the congress President for the first time in 1929 and declared that the complete Independence from the British is the goal of national movement. Nehru ji was a great believer in the modern thoughts of secularism, socialism and democracy; after Independence these visions were incorporated in the free india.
30 books in Hindi and Sanskrit language. During the non-co-operation movement he later joined the Indian National Congress. He was a founder of a national University named as Kashi vidya peeth. He lived 6 years as a sadhu and studied the ancient science of Nada yoga under the guidance of his Guru neem Karoli baba. In 60s era he was an only living cultural icon.
He was the open heart singer and first Kirtan Artist in America. In collaboration with Annie besant he was instrumental in founding the central Hindu college which later became central Hindu School. He died on 18 September 1958. He was the 4th recipient of this award. Mokshagundam Visvesvaray, sir mokshagundam Visvesvaray had a long and respected career at the national and international level. The marvellous Indian civil Engineer was born at Muddenahalli village, Chickkaballapur District on he completed his higher qualifications from University of Madras (1881) and College of Engineering, pune (1883). He worked for the city of Hyderabad as a chief Designer of the flood protection system. In 1911, sir Visvesvaray was chosen as a companion of the Order of the Indian Empire.
Hindi Essay : Short Essay on 'national Flower
It was his view that the waiting teachers should be the best minds in the country. He also chaired the position of the vice chancellor of Andhra University and became the first Vice President of India (195262) and the second President of India from 1962 to 1967. On 17th April, 1975 at Chennai, this great leader and philosopher of India died. Bhagwan Das, bhagwan Das was among the 3 awardee in 1955 for the Bharat Ratna. The great Author and an Indian Theosophist was born on 12th January 1869 at Varanasi. He was appointed in the central Legislative assembly of British India. Das was a scholar in Sanskrit and he wrote approx.
For his magnificent contribution to the country in the field of Physics he was awarded in 1954, the highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna. Due to strong heart attack on november 21, 1970 the great scientist passed away. In military 20th century this most prominent and leading Indian philosopher, academic and statesman was born on 5th September, 1888 at Thiruttani. In his entire life he chooses the extensive writing career. Radhkrishnan wanted to define religion of the spirit and Hinduism all over the world. His extensive knowledge about the western philosophy has earned him the reputation of being a bridgebuilder between India and the west. His most of the philosophy was based on Advaita vedanta. He was awarded in 1954 with the highest award of the nation Bharat Ratna for his marvellous contribution in field of academics. In honour of Radhakrishnan meritorious service to mankind, India celebrates his birthday as a teachers day on 5th September.
remarkable and distinctive contribution to our country and for this contribution he was one of the first recipients to get the highest civilian award of India, the Bharat Ratna in 1954. Raman, the great magnificent Indian Physicist Sir Chandrasekhar Venkata raman was born on 7 november, 1888 (Thiruvanaikaval). He was a great follower of Mahatma gandhi and his ideas. He completed his education from Presidency college, chennai and University of Madras. He was a great researcher in field of Physics. He discovered the quantum nature of light and also explained that, when light travels through a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes its wavelength, further he also observed that the light quanta and molecules changes their energy which show itself as a change. In field of science, it was a remarkable discovery; he was the first Asian to get Noble Prize for his excellent discovery of Scattering of light. He also established The Indian Academy of Sciences Bangalore, which is one of the finest publishers of the best science journals all over the country. He also set up Raman Research Institute near Bangalore.
Since 1954, 44 distinguished individuals have been awarded with this prestigious and highest civilian award of the country; lets have a brief introduction of these extraordinary men and women. Chakravarthi rajagopalachari, chakravarthi rajagopalachari was born on 10 December 1878 in Salem District of the madras Presidency. He was well known as a politician, writer, Indian lawyer and an independence activist. In he initiated a major movement for Dalits by removing restriction to entering them in Hindu temples, easing debt burden of farmers and compulsory education of Hindi in Institute. He is also a founder of Salem Literary society and gives suggestions for the welfare and scholarship for Dalit students. He introduced the modified System of Elementary Education. After Lord farm mountbatten left India in 1948 he became the first and last governor General of India and held that position till 1950. In 1959, he formed the Swatantra party against Congress and this party stood for equality and government control over the private sector.
Rajendra Prasad - wikipedia
Bharat Ratna Award, the highest civilian award of tnt the republic of India is known as bharat ratna. It came into existence on 2nd January 1954. The award was in recognition of extraordinary performance in the field of literature, science, public services and arts only. This award belongs to all people of India without any discrimination of sex, race and age. Previously award belonged to only limited criteria but in December 2011 the criteria was changed to include all fields of human endeavour. Maximum 3 nominees may be awarded per year and recommendations for the same are specially made by pm to the President. A sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion in the shape of a peepal-leaf are the only two things being given to the recipients; no money is granted with the award. In the Indian order of precedence, bharat Ratna awardee comes at seventh position. But Bharat Ratna recipients are constitutionally prohibited to use award name as title as per Article 18 of the constitution of India.